Esther Shields Anderson Porter
Feb 27, 1938
Chestnut St. Brattleboro, VT
sent me the letter your wrote to her. I
am glad to send you any information I can about your Grandfather Anderson,
but am afraid it is not much. Your Uncle
Jimmie was born April 1st, 1850, and he was 3 years old when they
came from Scotland,
so it must have been in the spring of 1853 and your Mother would be in
her thirtieth year. She was 10
years older than Jimmie. Your
Grandfather was born in Nov 5, I think, 1803, so he would be 50 when he left Scotland.
reason for leaving Scotland
at that time of life was the farm he was renting belonged to Thomas Morton,
son of Thomas Morton you are named for,
I expect. He was a brother
of your Grandmother and he was coming up on the rent, and your Grandfather said
he would not pay higher rent, he would go to America first; so he picked up his
things and started on a sailing vessel. They
were six weeks out of sight of land - they lived on hard oat cake and cheese
that they brought with them. I
presume they would have their porridge too.
Your Grandfather broke himself of his snuff habit.
His snuff box was nearly empty when he started from Scotland, and when it
was empty, he threw it overboard and never used it again.
landed in New York
and then came to Burlington
and hired teams to bring them to
Craftsbury as soon as these teams
got them over the Wolcott line into Craftsbury,
they dumped them goods and all. They
all started to walk, your Grandfather carrying Jimmie on his back.
When Old Robert Moody overtook them he took them to his house for
supper and then took them to Uncle John Andersons.
I think I have heard them say it was the 3 of June.
Grandfatherís family were all here in America before he came.
His Father and Mother died at Guy Andersonís, and must be buried
somewhere in Glover. Of course you
know your Mother had two little sisters, twins, that died in Scotland.
Their names were Mary and Hellen.
I do not know as this is what you wanted to know, it is mostly what I
have heard your Grandfather repeat a number of times. I do know that 1853 was the year they came to America.
If there is any questions I can answer, will be glad to do so.
am here with Glendon Ornesís family this winter.
You remember he was Claraís oldest boy.
He is manager of the creamery here.
They have one boy 6 years old and another boy born the 25 of December.
I have been able to do most of their work this winter. Doing pretty well for a woman over 80. Guess I wonít try to get an old age pension just yet, but I
have lived on borrowed time for quite a long time, and sometimes get lonesome
for the ones over there. Hope you
get entirely over your operation. Remember
me to John and Jennie.
Your Aunt Esther.
Francis Young, 1828
Alexr. Shields, Glover Etc.
March 26, 1828
Brother & Sister,
with much pleasure had your letter to Mr. Young & Robert Shields so
we feel glad that you have had an addition to your family and all enjoying
health and some degree of comfort in your new world so far as we can judge from
your epistle; we think you have made a provident choice in your purchase being a
place where your neighbors are agreable, land improvable and above all religious
ordinances attainable which alone can direct to true and substantial happieness. We feel industry needful here and doubt not but tis felt by
the whole posterity of Adam, yet tis better remunerated in one place than
another. I despair of ever
purchasing 120 Ac. of land in Scotland. Agness,
your Aged Mother is still alive though now become very feable and infirm, yet
enjoying the full exercise of her mental faculties and can feel Joy when she
hears from time to time of the well fare of all her children at home and abroad.
rest of us are all well aye, and though I say to my self weel doing too. Our family connections as far as I have heard are all well.
We very short sine have heard from the more distant of our friends and
seen those that are in the neighborhood. We
have had a very rainy Winter and a great deal of aged people in the place have
been carried to the narrow house.
wishes me to inquire at you anent the following things, vz were there great
hardships to undergo with a numerous family during your passage? Did the expenditure of money far exceed your anticipation?
Are there all ways an opportunity of obtaining a farm to purchase in your
neighborhood? How far would £100.00 be exhausted before reaching Vermont
with a wife and 6 children, and say would you advise to sell houses in Darvel
and come to America to obtain land having long like yourself had an inclination
to do so, he thinks that you have just gone the path before him and therefore
could the better advise or Dissuade. He
doubts not of your faithfullness and would very much rely on what you would say
from your experience. He hopes you
will excuse his freedom in putting questions and will feel oblidged to you for
your attention to them if you please.
continue to farm Lilylone
for annother year and being an old tennant will probably be preferred to a tack
as I am on good terms with the Laird, should I offer as much as any other body.
We had an abundant crop last season.
Markets have been Moderate. Trade
some think better though wages continue very low.
I will conclude with saying, I am Dear Friends, your loving Brother
Since writing the above we have had an addition to our family of a
Daughter, she is a healthy looking child and is doing well.
Her name is Christian.
to Alexander Shields
20 June, 1831
Brother & Sister,
leaves us all in good health, and we hope it will find you enjoying the same
inestimable blessing. Our youngest
child Jean was for a long time very silly, but she is now getting stout
and healthy. Janet and
Alexander are two fine healthy children and are now attending the
schools. We have almost nothing
particular to communicate but getting an opportunity with John Anderson
we could not let such an occasion slip without our good wishes and best respects
to our distant friends. Our friends
here so far as we know are all well, Janet Young Meadowfoot
is just now a bride. The bridegroom whose name is James Dunlop occupies the
farm of Ardochridge,
he comes originally from Fenwick,
and we understand him to be very respectable.
Brother Andrew has left the farm of Carleath,
he is now in the farm of Barnhill or
They and their family are well. Alexander's
leg is now no trouble to him, and he is grown very tall, stout, and healthy.
You will by this time have received a letter from brother Hugh,
and you will receive a letter by the same source with this from James
folks have their kind respects and good wishes to you.
Alexander and Hugh often speak of coming to America.
James Mair, Darvel,
is rather in a weakly state. William's
family are well. John has
taken a large farm and is again married. Doctor
Young is also married and is now in Glasgow and has got the title of M.D. Alexander and his wife still live at the
Peel and are both in health.
Alexander Young, Student, has been in England for a considerable
time back, he scarcely ever writes to us.
has been a great many deaths with us this some time past.
Your acquaintance James Craig, Galston,
is dead, and was buried last week. John
Jamieson is now grown very weak and infirm through age; he has left the
Dobbieland and is gone to Darvel.
Andrew Young, Wintocks,
is now on his way to America. We
understand he is destined for New
Anderson Wilson, one of our elders, has also gone out this spring.
We ourselves sometimes thing of coming out as we have got no settlement
as yet, continuing only from year to year, but this depends merely upon
circumstances. If we could get a
tack cheap enough, I suppose we should prefer staying here;
this is all I recollect worth mentioning of friends and acquaintances,
and I daresay there is nothing else you would wish particularly to know of.
is just the rage of the day, nothing else is heard of or talked of. The bill for reform was brought into parliament last Session
and was passed on the first reading by a majority of one, on the second there
was a majority against it and a dissolution of parliament took place.
Of course there was a new election of members and the country did all in
their power to have reformers returned, but in despite of all their efforts many
anti reformers have got in, however it has now a great majority it its favour in
the house of Commons. It is a
measure which is giving general satisfaction except to the freeholders.
You will probably be apprised of all these things in the public prints.
This has been an excellent dry spring with us, crop of every
description except Rye grass hay we anticipate to be good.
Pray write us soon and let us know how you and all the family are and how
all our American friends are. Dear
Friends, we love to hear from you if it were only to read your kind wishes and
best respects. Our best respects to William and Hugh Woodburn.
You can let them know we are well. There
will be some letters with the same source with this which will inform them how
their friends are. No more at
present, but remain yours, Dear brother & sister-- Francis Young.
to Alexander Shields
14th March, 1832
Brother and Sister,
will inform you that my family are all pretty well at present.
Jenet and Alexander are attending the school, Christy
runs about the door stoutly, Jeanie the youngest has always been rather
delicate yet we cannot say but she is something clever and can totter up and
down the floor considerable all which while they contribute to their Mother's
pleasure and happieness, they also add to her care and concern, and you will not
be surprised when I add they also add to my expence. We have Catherine Woodburn, our good sister, for maid
but she is going home at Whitsunday. Our
farming work is well forwarded though as yet we have very little sown, only some
have 8 cows in calf and not a single drop of milk at present, only we have
plenty of soup in prospect. We had
an excellent crop last season and it was much so in general, so our markets are
but low. Meal rates about 1/ per
Bole. Beef from 7/ to 8/ per stone,
and other things in proportion. The
winter has been remarkable. I
scarcely needed to look after the curling stones at all, it has been mostly fine
mild fresh weather. Yet there have
been a great dale of trouble in families both in country and town, ile colds and
bowel complaints. The
typhus has raged and been very
mortal in many places. We also have
been greatly alarmed with a pestilence called Cholera
Morbis which is and has been
raging to a considerable extent in some places.
Yet has not so far as I have learnt come nearer us than Glasgow
We hope the progress of the distemper will be checked as the medical
practitioners are coming to understand better how to treat it and great care is
taken by boards of health throughout the whole country to recommend and enforce
cleanliness and other preventatives are also generally attended to, allways
bearing in mind the hand that sends affliction and can bless means for recovery
and checking of this as also every other calamity that we may be visited with in
the course of his adoreable providence.
am still working away with out any specific bargain farther than from year to
year, keeping the road ready, doing little good and as little ill in the
world-way, only getting time put in and the count of heads made numerouser,
which is in obedience to our command Multiply and Replenish the earth.
John's Family are all well and doing well.
He has given two of his daughters in marriage last summer:
Betty to Gaven Paterson, they inhabit the
Hill Farm; Jenet to a James
Dunlop originally from Fenwick.
They possess the Erdoch Rig
Andrew our brother leaves Barnhill
at the term and comes to Rough Hizy.
They are all well. James Hamilton flitts to Snabe,
there he had above thirty ploughs going on Snabe
tother day -- they had a ploughing match. William
Hamilton, Snabeside [Stobbieside?]
took the first prize. His family
are all well. William Hamilton's
family are all well, only Hugh is rather delicate and left his school at
Eaglesham last week in a complaining
is much about the way when you saw her.
James Mair, her husband, is rather falling off.
William Young of Hill,
all well. Alexander Young
is rather stouter than when you left this.
Glen folks are all well, the Old man was for some time badly,
but is greatly recovered and was at the preaching in Darvel
For particulars I refer you to their own epistle that I understand they
are going to send along with the favourable opportunity that we are all very
glad to embrace to correspond with our friends in a far country.
We have heard of a letter lately come from Andrew Young of Wintocks,
he is coming on very well. His
daughter says to Andrew Donald that he can not come here too soon, she
feels so comfortable. As for his address, I am uninformed but it is likely you will
be informed of this from Robert Shields who is going to write you.
I understand Mr. Rogerson [pastor of Reformed Presbyterian Ch. in Darvel]
is rather complaining but we hope he will soon recover his wonted strength.
We esteem him very much as a sound divine and of great use in the country
side and in particular to his congregation among whom he labours with great
diligence and of late has been exerting himself greatly in the cause of
Temperance which I have no doubt will be the means of bettering the
circumstances of many individuals as also of improving the morals of society in
general and by the blessing of God will be ultimately the advancement of the
church and promotion of true and genuine religion amongst us.
His exertions in the cause has produced to him many friends that formerly
were indifferent or rather were ignorant of his greatly philanthropic mind.
must now say some thing of our Reverend Brother in Lauriston.
He is also a great advocate of Temperance Societies and accounted a well
wisher of Souls. His family are all
well and doing well. We had a visit
from him about two months ago. We
are always glad to see him and hear his salutary admonitions.
We solicit an interest in his prayers as also in the progress of you and
all Saints. We hope this will meet
you all in health and in the enjoyment of every needful blessing which is and I
hope will continue to be the humble and fervent prayer of your loving Brother, Francis
I understand Mr. Young will write you soon.
Give our compliments to all inquiring Friends in Real Earnest, Frank
to Alex Shields. 121/2 . Hand
cancelled at Fr.Young
to Alex Shields. 121/2 . Hand
cancelled at Rouses Point,
NY Oct.11. Dated at Lylone, 2d April, 1833.
Borne by Wm. Gabby [Gebbie].
Brother & Sister,
embrace the opportunity of a neighbour coming out to America to inform you that
I and family are all well as to health, which whilst it is of itself a very
great blessing, it is also the sweetner of all other comforts that can be
enjoyed in a world of a passing nature and is only properly improved when
directed to a wise prapareation for the enjoyment of the blessings of a more
durable and lasting nature. We are
all created for eternity and nothing short of eternal endurance can satisfy the
immortal Soul. Let us all therefor
be studious to lay up an inheritance which will not fail when time and
time-things can yeald little or no comfort.
I am happy to inform you further that so far as I have learnt the rest of
your friends in this place are all well. Our
Rev.d Brother Hugh has had an addition to his numerous family in the
month of Dec.r last-- twins, both girls, making 8 in all.
All well doing. Sister Christy
had also another Son about 6 weeks since. Brother
John's daughter Christy was ailing for a considerable time but is
better and pretty well again.
We hope that this will find you all in health and happieness
and getting on with your farming concerns progressively. Yesterday there came a letter to hand from William
Woodburn to his father in Meickle
Glen which we were glad to see and
by it to learn of their wellfare, but were surprised that they were no account
of your family contained in it. We
wish to remind you that when writing you may always mention each other's
wellfare as we are all concerned and take much interest in all the letters that
come from any of you; we hand them from one to another as we wish you to do with
ours when you shall recieve them. We
are led to understand that Hugh and William Woodburn anticipate a moving
farther to the west; of this we are no judges, but only it is an old saying in
this country as you well remember, that "tis better rue set as to rue
Hugh Woodburns folk are all well and have wrote a letter for their
sons which is to be sent out along with this.
John Jamieson's Wife Margret Smith is now no more and old John
is so very frail that life cannot be expected long.
He has been to wake every night for a long time, and yet he continues to
enjoy the use of all his faculties
remarkable excepting when under the ill turns to which he is become liable.
We have so much of political news that it is impossible to
enter upon it, so as to do any justice in a short letter of this kind.
We would only say that we had a reform bill passed and an extending of
Elective Franchise. So as to bury
far up the minds of the new Electors a new parlement was formed and expectation
run very high for some time, but experience teaches fools.
We have met with nothing as yet that bids for the wellfare of the working
classes; nay, on the contrary they are considered to be the worst house that
ever sat in London. And to be the
most despotic that have ever held the national power.
I presume you have Brittish newspapers and are acquainted with these
things as well as I am: I wish to know whether or not when you write.
We have had an excelent seed time and have our oats mostly put down and
other things in proportion. I wish
well to you all and all enquiring friends and in this I am joined by my wife and
family. I add no more but remain
your loving and affectionate Brother, Francis Young.
Young to Alex Shields Lillylone
March 6, 1834
Frinds, I take this opertunity of
leting you know that we are Well, hoping that you and all our other frinds are
enjoying the sem Blissing. Hilth is
one of the gratest Blessings that we can enjoy. We had a visit from Mrs Boyd and was happy to hear
that you ware gating on so well. She
almost hed me parswed to come with hir, if Jen had bine as brisk as me I think
we would have sen Amaraca.
markits and the rent of land do not agre with on another, our chese ware selling
last yere at 7 shilling a stone and the milk at 26 shilling a lod, and the laird
will not give anything back of the rent. I
think we would be batter to try some other shift.
We rote you last yer with a Willam Gabey from Galston;
he said that he intended to go to your place.
He had a number of laters to your place; we have hear that he has stoped
at Mounthrael and
is keping a store. We think he
might have forwarded the latters. We
have got another son sence we last rot you, hes name is Hugh. He is stout and thriven well; little Jen is rather
delacat, Christen is very stout (she is goin to scole sone) Alexander
and Jannet is atenden the scole and is geting on well.
mentioned the dith of John Jamison and wif in the last years latter, you
may never have seen it. Gorge
Morton's old sons died last yer of
the colra; ther ware a fu about Numuls
& Galston died of the
It is sed ther is still a fu cases in Psley.
We hope that it is abeted in your contry; it is a very Malencoly troble
and this has bin one of the watest winters I ever saw.
There has not ben too Dry Days together since Martimes.
congration moves on just about the old way; I do not think that there is any
more members since you want away. Dathes
and disartions are nearly agul to the joiners.
I ned not give you any particlar account of our friends in this place as
I think the most of them will have letters along with Mrs Boyd and as she
was through all our houses she can give all the particler from every individul.
Give our best respects to William Woodburn wife and family, Hugh
Woodburn wife and family and actcept the sem for yourselfs.
If we should should come and give you a nights nocking next yer it is
lickly we will stop all night with you. Be
so good as wrigth as sone as this comes to hand and let us know how you are
getting on and what you think of my coming to Amaraca; I rimine Your
Affectionate Brother, Francis Young.
Young to Alex Shields dated Lillylone
May 23d, 1839
embrace the opportunity of sending a few lines with David Anderson who is
proceeding from this place to his brother's in your colony and thankful I may be
to the dispenser of all Good that I can mention that all my family are at this
present time enjoying good health, the most valuable blessing that man can
enjoy. Janet is now
assisting her mother and is supplying the place of a servant.
Alexander is out at service.
Christina, Jean and Hugh are all at school; Francis and William
are both toddling round the blazing ingle enjoying their own made diversions and
like all other children often working mischief.
We had but a very indifferent season last year.
The crops did not [Mother copied bbed] thrive well at all and
consequently the food both for man and beast became very scarce. So much so that forage and food of all kinds has become
extravagantly high. We had a very
good and pleasant seed time but the weather has been very backward and
unpromising ever since. We have had
both snow and frost since our seed has been buried in old Mother Earth; on the
fourteenth day of this month last, the snow covered the ground to the depth of
half a foot and it has been frost in the mornings nearly ever since. This country is very much distracted and disturbed with
internal agitations. I once had a
thought that I would get brandishing my weapons on your side of the Atlantic,
but that hope is now blasted and I think that Britain and America will not go to
war at this time, yet Britain has enough and more than enough to do at home.
vast number of our Queen's subjects are greatly dissatisfied with the present
posture of affairs, and with the government of this realm and consequently many
I believe would desire an insurrection. But
administration has now given up the ghost and if his successors are men of
decision and energy the present agitated state of the country may be allayed and
this nation may yet flourish like the green bay tree, a shelter and protection
to every kingdom around her. You
will have heard from the American papers that the cry in this country is for
universal suffrage, Vote by ballot, abolition of the corn laws, the taxes
diminished, and many of them desire an equality, that is that every man should
be placed upon an equal footing with regard to their worldly possessions.
regard to myself and family I may mention that we are getting on in our usual
way, making day and way, and their is few now in this country that can do much
more. I saw your two brothers
Hugh and Robert this week, and they were all in good health.
But I am sorry to mention that your brother James in Strathaven
has gone where the wicked cease from troubling and the weary are at rest.
He was buried last week, his body being consigned to kindred dust, but
his soul we hope has winged its way were bliss immortal reigns.
Hugh Woodburn has had a shock of the palsy about three weeks ago
and is still very poorly and being an old man and frail in a probability he will
not weather the storms of time many years longer.
Your Sister Janet is still enjoying good health although she is a
little fallen off; James and Catherine are still unmarried and James
is working in the tile work and Catherine is abiding with her Mother.
fell tyrant Death is still stalking around and cutting off many a blooming youth
in health and vigour from the stage of time.
Marion Woodburn lost a child by death upon the 26th of January.
Janet Woodburn Burnrizy
also departed this life about a fortnight ago, and yesterday morning saw William
Findlay son Darvel
walking about and though complaining a little yet no way dangerous and afforded
no reason of exciting alarm, yet before four o clock afternoon he was stretched
a lifeless corpse from a shock of apoplexy: such is the uncertain state of man
and how unexpected death soon robs them of all their earthly enjoyments and
hurries them to their final destiny.
Young in Hill's
family are all well. They are all
married and away from him except Robert.
Our half-brother Alexander is very poorly. John Young's family Meadowfoot
are all well and prospering. Christina's
family in Sneb [Snabe, Drumclog
district] are all well and they are
all unmarried and with her as yet. Our
sister Helen in Backhairshaw
was very poorly for some time with the rheumatism but she is getting better now
and the rest of the family are all in good health and spirits.
Andrew Young in Roughhazy
family are all enjoying good health. Our
neighbours George Morton (Harrington)
and Hugh Jamieson (Quarterhouse)
are still in the same way and in the same farms and they have their compliments
to you. We hope that you will not
be forgetful of your friends but remember the days that are past and write how
you are getting on and when any of you will be over hear and visit us.
I heard that William had got a farm: the next thing then that
engages the attention of a young man is the getting of a wife to keep his house.
You should inform him when he gets a partner for life to send us word
that we may come and dance at the wedding and when we come you must have the
Kettle upon the wooden fire that so we may get something substantial when
we sit around the blazing ingle telling the tales and transactions of days of
other years. You will receive this
from David Anderson who is a well behaved person and of a good Moral
character, and you might therefore introduce him to society and to your
acquaintances and neighbours at large that so he may become acquainted with the
customs and manners in America. Wishing
you well, I remain Your Affectionate and devoted Friend, Francis Young.
Young to Alexander Shields per James Anderson 1842
April 9, 1842
Brother & Sister,
embrace the opertunity of informing you that we are all well at present, hoping
that this will find you enjoying the sem blising.
We this day we have got all our corn sone, it has ben a fine sedtime
althoug rather later than last yere. Our
famly is 8 in number 4 boys and 4 lasses, They are all very halthy. Janet hase served us for a wommen this sx yrs.
Alxr is gon to be a shoumaker in Darvel,
Cristing is out at sarves, Jen and Hugh is gowing out to hire this
summer. Frances and Willam
are attending choul. Littel Menn
is running about the farm & all our friends ar in good halth at present.
Our Brother Alxr is falling greatly off.
William is now come to Darval
to live, his son Robert
has the farm. I ned not give you any of the country nues as the berer of
this latter James Anderson will give them more partekler then I can rite
them. He is a very much respected
man, I hop you will intertain him will and send an acount how you are gatting on
with him. We would be very glad to
see some fo you come to Cottland
and spand a fiue wicks if
congration in Darval
is much about the way as whan you laft this place. The joners is gust kipping up the daths and thous that lave
the country. If you have any
coraspondince with William and Hugh Woodburn tell them that ther Mother
is as well can be expcted owin to hir time of life.
I hop you excuse me for my ill spilling as I am in a hury. I ad no more but ramine your affectionate Brother, Francs
September 1th, 1842.
this is a wet day I take the oportunity of writing you a few lines to let you
know that we are all well at present for which we ought to be very thankful to
the giver of every good and perfect gift, hoping
this will find you all injoying the same great blessing.
We recieved Alexanders letter dated March 25th and we were glad to
here from its contents; we recieved the pacels which came with Wiliam
Anderson. We sent them as they
were directed. I gave John
his mitians: the are all well. I do
not know wither he will send you a letter or not.
I gave Andrew his also, he said the were not goying to writ you
for some time. We were to tell you
that the were all well and the was obliged to you for minding him.
We sent away Hugh parcel with the carrior, we have not got an
answer whither he has got it or not.
Back Hearshaw folk got thier parcel.
I am thinking that the will writ you themselves.
My Sister from Drumlauch
was at our house about ten days since. She was at
Mosend also and she got her
parcel and she think that the will writ you a few line.
I sent the parcel to Galston
also, our Brother William in Darvel
is rather faling of and Alexander is very poorly.
The rest of our friends are all well as far as we know; we are very
throng at this time.
We comenced our harvest the beginning of the week.
Our corn look very well but rather thin on account of the severe drought
in seedtime. We have a very good
crop of potatoes. Our farm is good
deal better nor what it was some times back.
I have had a good deal of expences and troble.
I purchased about 40 pounds worth of tiles. The laird pay the tiles and I dig the drains & put in the
tiles and it was a good deal of troble this last thre year.
family is rather leser nor what it has been.
Janet is still at home with us, Alexander has come to help
us to cut the corn, Christina is servant with Thomas Morton Nowgays
[Knoweglas near East Kilbride?], and
Jean is herding in Little
Bire [Byre? this would be the first
farm above Lillyloan],
and Hugh is herding in Henriton
[Henryton] and Frances is
herding our own cows, and William is at the school, & Marion
is runing about. She is a very
stiring girl. I have given up of
thinking about coming to America, as I have such a large family it would take
all I have to tak them over the watter. No
more at present but remains yours truly, Frances Young.
was was very much delighted in the way you wrough the mattians.
I was very glad to receive such a present from so far a country.
I am thankful to you for minding me.
To Alexander: I looked for you over with William Anderson,
but as you have not come, thier is an coming over may fit you very well, if she
does not pleas you, you must come and pleas yourself.
It will very gud to see any of here or get word from you soon.
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